Diabetes

Diabetes Specialist
Type 2 diabetes is a serious and chronic condition that can increase a person’s risk for a wide-range of life-threatening diseases and conditions, including heart disease. At Chinatown Cardiology, with three convenient locations in the Chinatown section of New York City and Brooklyn and Flushing, New York, the top-rated physicians diagnose and treat patients with type 2 diabetes and the many heart issues it can cause.

Diabetes Q & A

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes, an epidemic affecting nearly 30 million Americans, is a chronic condition in which the body resists insulin. Insulin is the hormone that regulates movement of sugar from the blood into cells, where it’s converted to energy. It can many take years of an unhealthy diet and lifestyle choices, and sometimes genetics, for diabetes to develop. Diabetes can’t be cured, only managed with lifestyle changes, such as controlling the intake of sugar and carbohydrates and/or medication.

What are the signs or symptoms and diabetes?

The signs of type 2 diabetes, which occur when blood sugar levels get abnormally high, include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent or increased urination
  • Excessive hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Pain in the toes
  • Sores or wounds on the toes, feet, or legs that are slow to heal

What other diseases and conditions is diabetes a risk factor for?

Diabetes significantly increases the risk of developing a number of serious cardiovascular issues, including: peripheral arterial disease (PAD), coronary artery disease (CAD), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of arteries, and high blood pressure. CAD is the leading cause of death among people with type 2 diabetes. In addition, one in three people over the age of 50 with diabetes is likely to develop PAD. PAD occurs as a result of arteries hardening and narrowing (a process called atherosclerosis), which can significantly restrict blood flow to the legs and feet. PAD is associated with an increased risk of heart attacks and stroke. PAD often goes undiagnosed until it is severe.

What are the symptoms of PAD?

Classic symptoms of PAD include: pain and cramping in the thighs, calf muscles, and hips after physical activity, such as walking. This is called claudication. It can also cause leg numbness and weakness. PAD is diagnosed with a simple test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI) in which blood pressure in the ankle is compared to blood pressure in the arm.

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