Pulmonary hypertension (PH), also called high blood pressure in the lung, is increased pressure in the pulmonary arteries, which move blood from the heart to the lungs. This forces the right side of the heart to work harder. PH is a chronic, incurable disease that leads to a stiffening of the walls of the arteries of the lungs.
Symptoms of PH include:
In advanced stages of PH, patients may suffer an irregular heartbeat and have trouble breathing, even at rest.
There are various forms of PH, and consequently, differing causes, including some unknown. Among the known causes: PH can be due to genetics, a congenital heart defect, certain connective tissue disorders and chronic infections, left-sided valvular heart disease, failure of the left ventricle, lung diseases, coronary heart disease, and chronic blood clots.
Yes. PH that progresses can lead to a number of serious conditions, including:
There is no cure for PH, however, symptoms can be controlled and progress slowed to prevent further complications. Treatment generally includes medication. There are a wide range of possible choices, including oral, inhaled and intravenous options. Every patient is different and It can take some time to find which works best for each. In severe cases a heart or lung transplant may be recommended.